I had an experience as English teacher in university for one year. The way we teach as teachers, we have to finish student book which include ten units each unit has lesson for speaking, listening, writing and reading. We do not have as CCSS instead we have only objectives for each unit. This unit about “Technology” which aims at giving my students new information about technology and how it should be used and how it can benefit them as well as have technological vocabulary words. This unit prepares 21st century students for a global society and help educator’s guide to the “Four Cs”, critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity. Filling the gaps, taking notes, discussion with pairs or in groups, and encouraging students to be creative, are the keys we use in this unit.In the lesson i created for ELLs, I encompassed CCSS which should meet my objectives and and ISTES where there will be interact, collaborate, and publish with peers, experts, or others employing a variety of digital environments and media. Every day, there will be introduction, the lesson, the activity, feedback and conclusion.
There will be formative and summative assessments which increases students’ achievement. Unfortunately, majority of teachers back home are inclusive with only tests which is not always the right major. Students vary in their learning styles some of them prefer writing, other prefer improvising and others doing projects without speaking or writing. Here is the daily activities and i created rubrics for them to allow my students look at what i expect from them to do and achieve.
- We have a journal every day.
- The first day the assignment is ( what is the technological tool that you always use/ why?
- The second day the assignment is ( what kind of things do you like to invent?
- The third day the assignment is ( have you ever had bad things occur in your life then turned into something good?
- Read the book that you like and make biography of the technological inventors, or newspaper article or letter to them.(summative assessment)
- Every day students read with partner from NEWSELA and we have a sheet students have to complete.
- There are different sheets for every task students do, and a rubric as well.
- Every day we have different speakers from Zaption or Ted talk.
- Students have to take notes and there is a discussion about what they understood.
- From listening skill students will be able to improve their understanding, vocabulary, structures and pronunciation.
- All daily activities mentioned on the daily lesson plans will be attached to this paper.
There is a huge and increased growth in the presence of multimedia in our lives, in particular, education which facilitates more enjoyable and effective environment for teacher and students. There are noticeable changes in the current classrooms compared with classrooms from one decade ago. Teachers and students used to have books mostly as resources. With existing the technology, there are plenty of resources and multimedia tools that enhance learning environment and increase engagement to learn. Nowadays, students are also centered in the classroom and are more apt to have many chances to do their tasks and projects with huge digital tools, in turn, teacher are easily able to improve their lesson plans and utilize their teaching methods by using technological tools. Here are some digital tools that enhance education:
Podcasting is way that people can distribute and publish a radio via digital tool. All that it needs a digital audio recorder, space and blog to publish in MP3 file. Using podcasting is not exclusive to one group, but it is used by whoever has a sort of interests and wants to share and publish their own messages. Distributing podcasting needs more experience and listening to others’ podcasting to benefit more. “Crack, pops, and music all a part of the podcast genre”(p.113). The value of production is to have something more enjoyable and interesting. This is an example of digital recording and in our class, this was the first time for me to make a podcast which encouraged me to allow my students to practice and contribute their ideas to improve their four English domains and conversation and give them the opportunity to be creative in publishing their podcast. There is another idea that comes to my mind and that is allowing my students to publish their journal on a daily basis so they can be able to share with their peer what they have createdJ
Video publishing, YouTube is a common site to publish videos, students in a college level prefer to upload their videos via YouTube. The great thing in these sites is they are free and unlimited use. Teachers can encourage students to create their own videos and urge them to be creative in their production. It is useful to show peoples’ works and productions to have glimpses of what others did and how. Both Moviemaker, iMovie and Zaption are good platforms to start the production of students’ videos and editing after filming and taking pictures.
Screencasting, I have never used it before and I really would like to use it with my students later on. It is a way in which teachers have slides or steps online so they can share it with their students that includes their sound and pictures as support to materials. Students have the opportunity to annotate their work with their voice and use visuals which is great practice, for example, in their description or comprehension in reading or analyzing the stories (plot, characters, and events)
Regarding the standards, it is noticeable that multimedia influence education in which students have more opportunities to share, produce the projects or work. This prepares them for their future to be creative citizens and have the 21th century skills. It broadens the effective productivity that increases and enhances communication, creativity, critical thinking and cooperation.
Web 2.0 has changed they way teachers teach and students learn. It facilitates our education to help students with various tools to be creative in. Here are some websites that teachers and students can use to enhance their English domains such as writing, speaking, listening and reading.
Grammarly.com is a website that can be used to check and correct grammar and spelling mistakes. It also gives suggestions on how to use different words to enhance the meaning and sentences’ structure. Grammarly.com can be used by people of all ages and level of education.
It is very beneficial 2.0 website in a way that it is easy to access and use. It also does not require any previous knowledge to deal with. Most of the time, students find it difficult to find someone to check their writings. The website offers two different accounts with different features for each one. The free account offers an online correction only. While the premium version offers many additional features, such as plagiarism detector and writing style check. According to the standards students are able to be creative in their writing and easily can get feedback and correction from this website, thus, when they know their mistake they will avoid do it later on. Grammarly.com is a perfect solution for those who want to improve and enhance their English writing.
English Central is a web 2.0 platform that helps English Language Learners of all ages to learn and practice English by offering online materials. There are different levels of English courses that students can be enrolled into depending on the results of various placement tests. English Central’s platform can be accessed by students and teachers who need to provide their students with the course number or access code so that students can join classes.
Students can take different classes, such as communication skills, grammar, pronunciation, test preparation, and vocabulary. To accommodate different students’ interests, there are different topics that are being offered including: academic English, business English, media English, social English, travel English, and young Learners. The standard lies in a healthy competition between students and more authentic practice for English skills. Teachers can monitor students as they move up from one level to another.
Newsela is an innovative way to reinforce reading comprehension, it has daily news and nonfiction relevant. Such a Newsela website has 5 levels which makes it easy for an entire class to read the same content, but at a level that’s just right for each student where they are able to edit articles to a certain lexile will allows teachers to accommodate high and low readers with a daily vocabulary quiz. All of these will expand their linguistic and comprehension horizons. Teachers can create their own accounts and students should sign to the same session that teachers created. Teachers ask students to read specific article, then there will be a quiz to determine their grasping of the article and vocabulary as well. There will be effective discussion between students and their teacher. Regarding the standards, there will be such communicative, interactive, cooperative environment. Nwesela enhance the development of comprehension and gain rich academic vocabulary words. Students are more likely to be able to analyze, perused, and use critical thinking.
- How has the internet (and Web 2.0 in particular) changed how we conceptualize the “classroom?”
No doubt that the use of Web and its penetration has changed the way of learning and teaching. Internet has become considerably spreading widely around the world everywhere around us. Greenhow, Robelia, and Hughes (2009) stated that “Public instructional classrooms with Internet access grew to 94%,” it is dramatically estimated percentages of using the internet by adolescents users. It was used as communication and education resources, arranged websites hold or controlled by content providers. Educators can obtain, read and brows the publish information. Web 1.0 was mostly focus on text-based online (read and write only). In contrast, Web 2.0 has dramatically changed the use of internet, the authors categorized Web 2.0 as “relationship technologies, and participatory media, and social digital technology” which facilitates the ability for people to share, read, write, design and upload via various social networks. Both of educators and students are more likely to be creative and engaged in producing their works such as Weebly, Wix, Podcast, blogs and Videocasts. The basic distinction between Web 1.0 and Web 2.0 is the evolving of technological tools. Also, it facilitates the blended learning by having communicative, cooperative environment between students and their teachers. It has increased more mutual benefits between students and teachers , chances and choices of using, sharing, creating the materials which enables more and enthusiasm, engagement, impulse toward learning. We used to have teacher-centered the classroom but gradually by recent advances of technology classroom heavily comprised of students’ voice, suggestions, ideas, knowledge, skills and cooperation, so the role of teacher has shifted over the time. Moreover, there are many techniques and methods of assessing students rather than being inclusive in conventional methods (tests). Teachers are able to utilize various activities that broaden students’ horizons and elaborate their critical thinking.
- What copyright means
Copy right refers to peoples’ works, which is legally licensed to protect peoples’ rights. There is fines that cost people to pay too much money for the copy right, that infringement can be as high as $150,000 up to $250,000 if computer software is also involved. According to the huge advances and developments of digital technology facilitate to copy and paste peoples’ thoughts , in turn, it promotes some interpretations that people think that they are fine to use other materials freely that do not named or protected by copyright.
- What the four tests for fair use involves
Regarding the article I read, there are four fair use that considered as the guidelines which addressed as the follows:
- People can use the intended materials but without any further commercial purposes.
- There are considerably common facts that people can use, but people should be creative in forming these facts because the same written formats cause vulnerable doubt that this work is copied.
- There should be a limit of material use, the guidelines for printed materials should be fewer than 250 words and no more than two pages to be copied, while the multimedia ups to three minutes or 10 percent.
- The effect of using others’ works and ideas will be no rights for others efforts and people will tend to copy and paste without doing any further personal efforts to write or think. Also, if there is no copyright protect these individuals ‘works, there will be no creativeness and no value of their performance and redundancy.
- Why the type of media involved matters
As it was clarified in the article these the following matters in making copyright and each one differ from to another in its use, restrictions and limits: Computer software, Internet materials, Distance learning, Multimedia materials, Audiotapes and videotapes, Print materials. I think all of these matters because of the enormous advances of using the media and multimedia networks which enable the educators to lead the right way of using various media and practice the copyright.